LESSON 11 (relative & interrogative pronoun)


Noun 1:

Noun 2: bellum, populus

Noun 3: teste, pacem, custodes

Noun 4: senatus

Noun 5:

Personal Pronoun:

Emphatic Pronoun ipsos

Demonstrative Pronoun ille

Indefinite Pronoun

Relative & Interrogative Pronoun qui, quis, quod


Adjective 1,2: stultum, romanus

Adjective 3:

Preposition: sine


Verb 1 : dat, desiderat, praeparet, peccat, probat, vitare

Verb 2 : dolet, tacet, timere

Verb 3 : scripsi

Verb 4: dormit, custodiet, consentit

Irregular verb : est, potes


Adverb: bis, cito, vere, non, nimium

Conjunction: -que



Maxim 81-90 (verb)


Bis dat qui cito dat.

He gives twice, who gives promptly.

(Publilius Syrus)


Ille dolet vere, qui sine teste dolet.

He mourns honestly who mourns without witnesses.

(Martialis, Epigrammaton liber)


Qui desiderat pacem, praeparet bellum.

Let him who wishes for peace prepare for war.

(Vegetius. Also quoted si vis pacem, para bellum -- if you desire peace, prepare for war.)


Qui dormit, non peccat.

One who sleeps doesn't sin.



Qui nimium probat, nihil probat.

One who proves too much, proves nothing.



Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?

Who is to guard the guards themselves?

(Iuvenalis, Saturae)


Qui tacet, consentit

Silence gives consent.



Quod scripsi, scripsi.

What I have written, I have written.

(Versio Vulgata, Ioh. 19:22)


Stultum est timere quod vitare non potes.

It is foolish to fear what you cannot avoid.


S.P.Q.R. (Senatus Populusque Romanus)

The senate and the Roman people

(Abbreviation used on banners and such in ancient Rome to show the world the unity between the Roman people and its rulers. Still officially used in Rome.)