Pope Alexander VI (1431 – 1503)
Spanish and Portuguese Empires during their personal union (1581-1640)
Red - Spanish Empire
Blue - Portuguese Empire
馬丁·路德 (Martin Luther 1483 - 1546)
依納爵·羅耀拉 (Ignatius of Loyola 1491 - 1556)
利瑪竇 (Matteo Ricci 1552-1610)
Ex illa die
Clemens XI, Papal bull, 1715,
(cancelling what Charles Ambrose Mezzabarba allowed)
鴉片戰爭 (1839年—1842年, 1856年—1860年)
南京條約 (1842) 與教案
Vincent Lebbe, Belgium-born, adopted the culture and sentiments of the Chinese people in his China mission that began in 1901.
He subsequently becoming a Chinese citizen. He founded the Little Brothers of St. John the Baptist congregation,
before organizing rescue efforts in Japan's invasion of China.
He was detained briefly by Communists before passing away in 1940. (Jean P. Wiest)
1926 - six Chinese titular bishops were consecrated in Rome by Pope Pio XI.
1946 - Pope Pius XII established the episcopal hierarchy in China. (HKCDA)
若望二十三世 ( Pope John XXIII 1881 - 1963)
徐誠斌主教 (1969-1973 主教)