LATIN SYNTAX  Some reflection


[Owl]Conspectus of Four Conjugations

(present, imperfect, future)

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First Conjugation: am-o, amāre, amāv-i, amāt-um (to love)
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@ Active Indicative Active Subjunctive Passive Indicative Passive Subjunctive
Present am-o, -as am-em, -es am-or, -āris am-er, -ēris
Imperfect am-ābam, -ābas amār-em, -es am-ābar, -abāris amār-er, -ēris
Future am-ābo, -ābis (-ābunt) @ am-ābor, -āberis (-abūntur) @
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Second Conjugation: hāb-eo, habēre, hābu-i, hābit-um (to have)
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@ Active Indicative Active Subjunctive Passive Indicative Passive Subjunctive
Present hab-eo, -es hab-eam, -eas hab-eor, -ēris hab-ear, -eāris
Imperfect hab-ēbam, -ēbas habēr-em, -es hab-ēbar, -ebāris habēr-er, -ēris
Future hab-ēbo, -ēbis (-ēbunt) @ hab-ēbor, -ēberis, -ēbitur    (-ebūntur) @
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Third Conjugation: mitt-o, mīttere, mis-i, miss-um (to send)
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@ Active Indicative Active Subjunctive Passive Indicative Passive Subjunctive
Present mitt-o, -is (-unt) mitt-am, -as mitt-or, -eris (-ūntur) mitt-ar, -āris
Imperfect mitt-ēbam, -ēbas mitter-em, -es mitt-ēbar, -ebāris mītter-er, -ēris
Future mitt-am, -es @ mitt-ar, -ēris @
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Third Conjugation (io): cāp-io, cāpere, cep-i, capt-um (to take)
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@ Active Indicative Active Subjunctive Passive Indicative Passive Subjunctive
Present cap-io, -is (-iunt) cap-iam, -ias cap-ior, -eris (-iūntur) cap-iar, -iāris
Imperfect cap-iēbam, -iēbas cāper-em, -es cap-iēbar, -iebāris cāper-er, -ēris
Future cap-iam, -ies @ cap-iar, -iēris @
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Fourth Conjugation: āud-io, audīre, audīv-i, audīt-um (to hear)
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@ Active Indicative Active Subjunctive Passive Indicative Passive Subjunctive
Present aud-io, -is (-iunt) aud-iam, -ias aud-ior, -īris (-iūntur) aud-iar, -iāris
Imperfect aud-iēbam, -iēbas audīr-em, -es aud-iēbar, -iebāris audīr-er, -ēris
Future aud-iam, -ies @ aud-iar, -iēris @


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