The Wars of the Roses (1455–1487)

were a series of dynastic civil wars fought in England between supporters of the Houses of Lancaster and York.

At the end, Lancastrian Henry Tudor defeated Richard, Duke of York. Henry became king Henry VII of England and strengthened his position by marrying Elizabeth of York. He thus reunited the two royal houses, merging the rival symbols of the red and white roses into the new emblem of the red and white Tudor Rose.

Yorkshire rose

Lancashire rose

Tudor rose

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