1) Narrative sentence:

- real:
Pater veniet. (Father will be coming.)

- potential:
Fortasse nemo hoc credit. (Perhaps nobody believes this.)
Velim mecum venias. (Please come with me.)

- irreal:
Sine sole terra frigida esset. (Without the sun, the earth would be cold.)
Cum gladio David non vicisset. (With a sword, David would not have won.)

- possible concessive:
Sis sanus, doctus, dives, felix tamen non es. (You may be healthy, learned, rich, however, you are not happy.)
Ne fueris latro, fur sine dubio eras. (Even if you have not been a robber, without doubt you were a thief.)

- impossible consessive:
Fuisses Napoleon, Caesar, num adhuc potens esses? (Even if you had been Napoleon, Caesar, would you still be powerful?)

2) Affective sentence:

- possible optative:
Utinam hoc verum sit! (I wish this to be true.)
Utinam verum dixeris! (I wish you have told the truth.)

- impossible optative:
Utinam jam in caelo essem! (I wish I were in heaven!)
Utinam vixissem tempore Alexandri. (I wish I had lived in the time of Alexander!)

- hortative:
Velim cito venias! (I wish you would come quickly!)
Cito venias, quaeso! (Please, come quickly!)

- imperative:
Veni, dic mihi omnia! (Come, tell me everything!)
Ad omnia vere respondebis! (You shall answer everything truefully!)

- prohibitive (2 person):
Ne mentiaris! (You should not lie!)
Noli mentiri! (Don't lie!)
Ne mentitus sis! (Never be a liar!)
Hoc non facies! (You shall not do this!)

- prohibitive (3 person):
Ne loquantur decem simul! (Don't speak ten persons together!)
Hic non licet ludere. (Not allow to play here.)

3) Interrogative sentence:

- simple:
Quis venit? (Who comes?)
Nonne adhuc vivis? (Are you still living?)
Timuistine? (Were you afraid?)

- compound:
Utrum amico credis an inimico? (Whether you believe in friend or in enemy?)
Esne contentus annon? (You are content, aren't you?)

- rhetoric:
Quid turpius est quam peccare? (What is uglier than to sin?)
matrem meam ego non diligam? (Would I not love my mother?)

- dubitative:
Quid tunc facerem? (What would I do then?)
Quid nunc dicam? (What would I say now?)


1) INFINITIVE (amare, amavisse, amat-urus -ura -urum esse/ amari, amat-us -a -um esse)

Cantare iucundum est. (To sing is joyful.)
Noli peccare. (Do not sin.)
Vivere est laborare. (To live is to work.)

Gaudeo te venire. (I am glad you come.)
Gavisus sum te venisse. (I was glad you came.)
Gaudebo te venturum esse. (I would be glad to have you come.)

Audivi parentes meos aegrotare. (I heard my parents ill.)
Dixit se aegrotare. (He said himself ill.)
Hoc optimum (esse) videtur. (This seems to be the best.)
Parentes mei aegrotare dicuntur. (They say my parents are sick.)

2) PARTICIPLE (ama-ns -ntis/ amat-urus -ura -urum/ amat-us -a -um/ amand-us -a -um)

as adjective:
Gaudens te gaudentem video. (I, a happy person, see you a happy person.)
Pueri obedientes placent omnibus. (Obedient children please everybody.)
Oculi dolentes aegre vident. (Painful eyes see with difficulty.)
Oculis dolentibus aegre videmus. (We see with difficulty with painful eyes.)
Oculi clausi nihil vident. (Closed eyes see nothing.)
Oculis clausis te etiam cognosco. (I recognise you with closed eyes.)

as noun:
Vendentes fraudant ementes. (Vendors cheat buyers.)
Ridentibus non facile credimus. (We believe, not easily, ridiculing persons.)

as verb:
Vacans virtute virtuti vacare debes. (You , lacking virtue, need spend time on virtue.)
Vix pransus noli iam libris incumbere! (Having just eaten do not lean upon books.)

as verbal adjective (participle proper):
Pueri poenam timentes plorabant. (Boys, afraid of punishment, cried.)
Homo pauperum miserens benignus est. (The man, pitying the poor, is kind.)
Non misereor mendici laborem timentis. (I pity not the beggar who is afraid of work.)
Mendico laborem timenti non adsum. (I do not help the beggar who is afraid of work.)
Te hoc dicente, omnes mirabantur. (All are surprised by your saying that.)

Pauperes iuvandi sunt. (The poor should be helped.)
Hic sunt vestes lavandae. (Here are clothes ought to be washed.)
Hic non est ludendum sed laborandum. (Here is not for playing but for working.)
Tibi scribendum est a me. (It ought to be written to you by me.)
Media ad virtutem colendam sunt constantia et patientia. (The means to cultivate virtue are constancy and patience.)
Vero dicendo displices. (You displease [people] by saying the true thing.)
Vobis puniendis etiam ego puniendus sum. (I ought to be punished if you ought to be punished.)

3) GERUND (am-andi -ando -andum -ando) - as noun

Nunc tempus ludendi est. (Now is time of playing.)
Manus laborando aptae sunt. (Hands are fit for working.)
Manus ad laborandum aptae sunt. (Hands are appropriate to working.)
Errando discimus. (We learn by making mistakes.)

4) SUPINE (amat-um -u) - as noun [intention, mode]

Multi veritatem auditum venerunt. (Many came for listening truth.)
Hostes legatos pacem petitum miserunt. (Enemies sent delegates for requesting peace.)
Hoc est facile dictu, difficile factu. (This is easy to be said, difficult to be done.)
Veritas non semper est jucunda auditu. (Truth is not always pleasing to be heard.)