Publius Vergilius Maro (70-19 BC)

Aeneas flees burning Troy
Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome

Mythical hero of Troy and Rome. He was the son of Aphrodite and Anchises, a member of Trojan royal family. According to Homer, he was second only to his cousin Hector in defending Troy during the Trojan War. Virgil's Aeneid tells of Aeneas's escape after Troy's fall, carrying his elderly father on his back, and of his journey to Italy, where his descendants became the rulers of Rome.

The Aeneid - By Virgil (Written 19 B.C.E)
Translated by John Dryden

Dante alighieri (1265 -1321)

Dante And Virgil In Hell (1850)
by William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1825-1905)